Go-Carts and Baby Carriages

Recently, I was diving deep into research for a story set in 1913.

Among the resource books piled on my desk was my trusty reproduction copy of a 1908 Sears, Roebuck & Co Catalog. I love all the little everyday details I can unearth in its many pages!

That day, I was on the hunt for baby gear. One reason was that it tied into the story I was working on, where the main character was a nanny to three young children. But also, with my niece’s first baby on the way, I’ve had all things baby on my mind for the past few months. Perhaps a subscription to 123 Baby Box could provide my niece with all the essential gear and supplies she needs for her little one’s first few months.

I was interested in a description of baby carriages.


I wanted to see images of what they would have looked like during that time period.

Did they have any unique features or selling points? What would make a young mother decide to purchase this option or that one?

I had grand visions of ornate carriages with flowery details.

What I didn’t anticipate was to be so surprised by the product description.

Notice anything strange in the description?

They called them Go-Carts!

I had no idea they’d ever been labeled as go-carts.

On the following page they had advertisements for baby carriages.

I studied both pages for a while, reading the descriptions, trying to figure out what the difference could be.

At first I thought that perhaps a carriage meant the baby could rest flat and a go-cart meant they were sitting upright. But the go-carts advertise being able to recline.

Then it a light bulb went off. I think the difference is that go-carts can be moved into different positions and many of them could be folded flat (how handy!) like a stroller.
I tried to dig up some research to either confirm my idea or dash it, but I have yet to find anything that talks about go-carts from Victorian or Edwardian days.

I did find an interesting history of baby carriages, though.
William Kent, a landscape architect, designed the first carriage in 1733. It was created for the children of the Duke of Devonshire. Kent constructed a shell-shaped  basket on wheels the children could sit in and be pulled by a goat or pony.

Wealthy families were Kent’s primary customers.

The 19th century was a time when parks and recreational spaces were enjoyed as family strolls became popular. An economical way to take babies along needed to be developed.

Benjamin Potter Crandall manufactured a new design in the early 1800s. He claimed his baby carriages were the first manufactured in the US, although it’s been argued

the F.A. Whitney Carriage Company may hold the title. At any rate, Crandall developed a style that could could be pushed rather than pulled. His design was largely rejected. His son son, Jesse, eventually took over the business and made some additions, including a brake and added a model that folded as well as parasols and accessories. Reportedly, Queen Victoria purchased three of them which made his designs a must-have for mothers everywhere.

Carriages were built of wood or wicker and held together with expensive brass joints. Often, they turned into ornamented works of arts.

Models were named after royalty, like Princess and Duchess.

Charles Burton created the first “pram” or perambulator. It had a three-wheel push design and looked a little like an arm chair on big spoke wheels. Customers found it unwieldy and complained about the design, but Burton was determined to succeed. He took his design to England where he found popularity once the royals began using it. In the UK, the word pram is used to describe a carriage, because of the popularity of the perambulator.

In 1889, William H. Richardson patented the idea of the first reversible carriage. The bassinet was designed to face out or in toward the parent. Until that point, the axis didn’t allow each wheel to move separately, but Richard’s design increased maneuverability.

Before long, go-carts were being advertised that could fold flat, recline and more.

As the new century advanced, so did improvements with baby carriages and strollers until we reached today’s models, filled with accessories and safety features.

If you’d like to find out more about the story that necessitated this research, look for Evie, coming May 23! It’s available now for pre-order on Amazon: http://tinyurl.com/y4gnadrk 

Will love bloom between a spunky nanny and a distracted landscaper?

Unconventional nanny Evie Caswell views it as her duty to bring fun and laughter to the residence of her strict, aloof employers. Full of life and spirit, she is determined to teach the couple’s children how to be young and carefree. With hardly a minute to herself, she long ago surrendered her dreams of having her own home and a family. Then her employer hires Flynn Elliott, a landscape architect, to turn the yard into a spectacular garden. Enchanted with the intriguing man, Evie realizes after meeting Flynn nothing in her life will ever be the same.

Renowned for his landscape designs and ability to make anything grow, Flynn Elliott is a bit of an enigma. He spouts romantic poetry to the plants in his greenhouse and stealthily avoids social interactions, yet can charm birds right out of the trees when the need arises. While his sister handles the finer details of their business, he often loses himself in his work, forgetting the outside world exists. A chance encounter with a beautiful woman in a moonlit garden leaves him seeking opportunities to discover more about the effervescent Evie and the joy she radiates to those around her.

Will the two of them be able to set aside their doubts and fears to embrace a happily ever after?

Brimming with lighthearted moments, snippets of history, and the hope of true love, Evie is a sweet historical romance sure to warm your heart.


Oh, and if you’re wondering, my niece and her sweet husband welcomed a bouncing baby boy April 2! I was there for his arrival, but can’t wait to return for a visit and hold Baby T again!


If any of you know any history about the difference in go-carts and baby carriages, I’d love to learn more.

In the meantime, feel free to share your favorite “baby” item. What makes your heart pitter-patter and think of babies when you see it? A blanket? An adorable pair of booties? Sweet little onesies?


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After spending her formative years on a farm in Eastern Oregon, hopeless romantic Shanna Hatfield turns her rural experiences into sweet historical and contemporary romances filled with sarcasm, humor, and hunky western heroes.
When this USA Today bestselling author isn’t writing or covertly hiding decadent chocolate from the other occupants of her home, Shanna hangs out with her beloved husband, Captain Cavedweller.

16 thoughts on “Go-Carts and Baby Carriages”

  1. I love homemade baby quilts and was heartbroken that my grandson wasn’t going to get one from our side of the family because my mother in law has passed so she wasn’t here to make my little Billy one but my bestie Tonya Lucas surprised me with a quilt for my Billy that her 90 yr old Grandmother had hand stitched before she passed. I was in happy tears that Tonya would send something so special. I love any handmade baby items especially a cute little bib with cowboys on it. That a very precious dear to my heart sweet lady sent my little Billy. Love and Hugs to you Shanna.I can hardly wait Evie’s book to be released. Oh and I enjoyed the mini history lesson on carriages

    • Hi Glenda!
      I think what Tonya sent you has to be one of the sweetest gifts ever! Just love that she shared something so special with you! <3
      Happy Easter to you all!
      Love and hugs!

  2. Happy Early Easter Shanna- What an amazing history lesson on carriages. Wow, some of those were very swanky looking. When I see little booties, and socks I always think babies. I love babies although I didn’t have any of my own. But I have many honorary babies that are now grown or growing up before my eyes. It’s amazing how precious and sweet they are to cuddle, watch grow up, and of course some of the funny things they learn to say.
    You have an amazing Easter and I can’t wait to read Evie. Love you Dearly, my precious sweet friend.

    • Hi Tonya!
      I know just what you mean! And I love seeing the tiny little booties, especially vintage styles!
      Wishing you a beautiful Easter, my friend!
      Loads of love! <3

  3. I agree, it’s the booties and the cute onesies. I have a pair of baby booties I saved from each of my seven children. It’s hard to believe that my grown children were ever that tiny 🙂 Thanks for your informative post on baby carriages. Some of those do like spectacular. Happy Easter everyone.

  4. Of course, my first thought when I saw the picture of carriage before I started reading was, “it looks like its fit for a princess” and sure enough it was! I’ve often wondered why baby strollers didn’t face the person pushing it, especially for when the baby is very young. An ideal design for a stroller would be that it could convert from forward facing to backward facing!

    I just love babies and I could handle having a baby permanently in my care. I love their dependence, they don’t make huge messes (except in their diaper, etc), they don’t talk back…

    Oh, I love baby everything and can’t pick just one item. I love shopping for things to decorate and babies room. I hope to someday be a grandmother but I’m not so sure that will happen. It would need to happen sooner rather than later since I’m 50 and have MS. Too old and I won’t be able to be the Grandma I’d like to be. I had my children late and my oldest has an autoimmune disease and doesn’t plan on having children. My youngest as of now, she’s 15, doesn’t think she will either but only time will tell.

    • Hi Stephanie!
      I think the idea of being able to switch from facing forward to back would be awesome!
      I hope you have some grandbabies to love on! I love babies, too, and since they aren’t mine, I can even hand them back with the messy diaper. 😉
      Thank you so much for popping in today and take good care!

  5. Welcome. This is a most interesting and informative post. Thank you for sharing this with us. I have always loved to look at these older models of strollers. They are works of arts in their own rights.

  6. I don’t have any children, so I can’t speak from experience as to what is a favorite item. But I do love to see cute little baby clothes with cats on them.

  7. Shanna, Thank you for this interesting post. My heart goes pitter patter when a favorite author has a book baby released into the wild.

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