bannerGood Morning or Afternoon or Evening and Happy Tuesday!

I sure did enjoy reading about Winnie’s blog yesterday, didn’t you?  What a beautiful daughter and what a beautiful wedding.   Congratulations Winnie!  Wow!

crow-fair-2007-017Well, coming up soon in this month is Memorial Day, one of my favorite holidays — if only because it reminds me of all those who gave their lives that we might live in freedom and prosper.  Because of this, I thought I’d take you on a tour through early Native America, and those who gave this country some precious gifts…some that also have to do with freedom.


abenaki-indians We are all pretty well aware of the gifts given in terms of food. There was corn and squash, pumpkins, potatoes, tobacco, maple syrup and hundreds of herbs.  In fact the first Europeans who arrived here would not have made it had it not been for the Native Americans helping them — bringing them food and showing them how to plant the various foods for this part of the world.

But what about some other gifts?  According to John Smith’s writings, the American wilderness was not a wilderness at all, as we have been led to believe.  Forests were purposely kept trimmed, using fire and other means to keep the grass short and weeds at a minimum, creating park-like conditions — he writes of being able to ride through the Forests easily and without worry because they were kept neat.  There were villages that kept crops cultivated close to their villages.  Children and women were responsible for the crops and there were scarecrows and as well as other means to scare away animals from the fields.  Men hunted for meat, thus the necessity to keep the forests easy to traverse.

sacagaweaBut the gift I’m thinking about now, due to the upcoming holiday, is the gift of a particular kind of mind-set.  What was that mind-set?  I forget when I first noticed it, maybe 20 years ago.  I was talking to and getting to know several people from Germany, England and other European countries.  I noticed then that their idea of freedom was quite different from mine.  They thought nothing of another telling them what to do, what to think, what to wear, how you should run your life, etc.  More times than I care to count, they would bow to the “wiser” authority.  Whereas I objected and would argue with someone who thought they had a “right” to tell me what to do.  At the time, I didn’t know what it was — all I knew was that my ideas of freedom and the Europeans were amazingly different.

So let’s have a look at this.  I think the mind-set that I’m talking about is this: That all men are loved equally in the eyes of the Creator.  That all men are independent and are entitled to think as they see fit and argue their viewpoints with others if they feel so inclined because we are, after all, made in the image of our Creator.  I think that our Founding Fathers were right when they argued that one is not ruled or subject to another man’s whim, and that leaders of a people are responsible not to themselves, but to those people.  And how about this mind-set that was found to be flourishing in Native America?  What was it?  That women have the right to reverse anything the men agree upon if they feel it adversely affects the tribe.

images15Dr. William B. Newell, an anthropologist, as well as an historian writes: “Indian political theories as embraced in the League of the Iroquois are important and stand out in marked contrast to the European theory of the ‘Divine Right of Kings’ which flourished in Europe at the time of the discovery of America.  The individual rights of man were recognized in America long before the Europeans awakened to this political philosophy.  Ideas of freedom, liberty, and equality existed and were engraved in the hearts of the Iroquois when Europeans were boiled or roasted alive for daring to speak against the state or church.”

adam-beach.jpgAlso, this author writes:  “One of the outstanding differences between the European and the American Indian was the fact that in America the the American Indian was permitted freedom of thought while in Europe an individual’s thinking was done for him by autocratic ad dogmatic leaders….”Among the Iroquois, dictators were unknown.  No man could tell another what he must do.  Every man and every woman was allowed freedom of expression.  Every person was allowed to decide for himself what he should do…’We counsel together’ was a famous phrase of the Iroquois.”

mohawkAnother writer, Felix S. Cohen, says this:  “American Democracy, freedom, and tolerance are more American than European and have deep aboriginal roots in our land.”

And another writer, even yet, writes this:  “Under the influence of modern theories of race and climate, it has been fashionable to trace the roots of American freedom to the Anglo-Saxon inhabitants of dark German forests, most of whom were serfs.  These historians forget that there were free men in America before the first white settlers arrived with their slaves and indentured servants.  There is more truth in a popular account of America widely circulated in Great Britain in 1776: ‘The daring passion of the American is liberty and that in its fullest extent; nor is it the original natives only to whom this passion is confined, our colonists sent thither seem to have imbibed the same principles.  Truly the passion for liberty as practiced by the Iroquois was a contagious thing.”

quanahAnd so ends a mystery that I’ve carried for several years.  The  urge to be free, to think our own thoughts, to go our own way is embedded deep in our roots, I think.  It’s in the air that we breathe.  It’s as much a part of this land as the giant cottonwoods and gentle weeping willows.  It’s a wish from our ancestors — a wish given to us by Haiwatha and the person they call the Peacemaker  so long ago that people to this day argue over when it really took place.  All I know is that they set into motion a wish that all men would be free, that all men would come to be friends, and that the land they called Turtle Island (North America) would lead the way to freedom and a land free of war…forever.

Okay, so now that we’ve talked about this a little, let me ask you this?  Can you feel it?  Can you feel that wish that is still alive to this very day? 250px-Joseph_Brant_by_Gilbert_Stuart,_1786 I think that our Veterans felt it.  I think that those who gave their lives for their country understood how very precious freedom is and how much it is our heritage.  I think it’s still alive and well to this very day.  And perhaps this is what makes a man great — to set into motion an idea that leads others to envision a way of life that is free from tyranny, where another is free to say what he thinks, to believe what he thinks and to live his life as he sees fit, so long as he realizes that others also have this right.

Well, that’s all for today. So tell me, what do you think?  Did you know this?  Or is it coming from out of the blue?  Let me know your thoughts.


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KAREN KAY aka GEN BAILEY is the multi-published author of American Indian Historical Romances. She has written for such prestigious publishers as AVON/HarperCollins, Berkley/Penguin/Putnam and Samhain Publishing. KAREN KAY’S great grandmother was Choctaw Indian and Kay is honored to be able to write about the American Indian Culture.
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  1. Oops! I forgot to mention that a new book, BLACK EAGLE, will be coming out shortly — in November. It is about the Iroquois and specifically the Mohawk. : ) More on this later.

  2. Karen, thanks for all this wonderful information! I learn something new every day around here.

    I’ve got The Angel and the Warrior in my teetering TBR stack, and I look forward to reading it. Looks like I’ll be adding another American Indian romance to that poor pile in November. 😀

  3. You know what this made me think of?

    I occasionally listen to talk show TV, news type programs and listen to, for example, Bill Maher talk about how perfect Cuban society is. (I never watch his show but sometimes he has quotes somewhere I can’t avoid) 🙂

    I just marvel at it. He’s a man who makes his living on Freedom of Speech and yet he doesn’t know what freedom is.

    If he had his show in Cuba, he’d be arrested the first time he spoke against the government? Does he not think anything is wrong there so he’d never bump up against tyranny and communism and their utter lack of freedom and their violence toward anyone who steps out of line?

    A talk show host who disrespects freedom. Almost funny. Certainly strange. Mostly just tragic.

    • You know, Mary, the thing is, that you can actually see the ridiculousness of this – hypocrisy, oxymoron, etc. Most people can’t think through it, or even care to, unfortunately — in part, I think television has a lot to do with people just not thinking for themselves anymore. It’s said that the rate of flicker or refresh rate on the new wide screens is such that it has a hypnotic effect.

      Communism has much amends to do to the world — it never ceases to amaze me that most people don’t know about the 65 million people in Russia (most of them Christian) who were killed under Stalin and Lenin.

  4. I find the Iroquois tribe so fascinating. We learn about Native People through Indians in the west, mainly through movies with Apaches and Comanches and Sioux and how dangerous they were to settlers.

    Except for…for example…The Last of the Mohicans, there is very little written about Eastern Indians, or Indians that settled and built houses and raised crops.

    A great topic to blog about AND write about.

    • Hi Mary!

      I so agree. It’s interesting also that one of my previous publishers did not want to publish anything about the Eastern Indians…

  5. Hi Kay, such a gorgeous cover, and as always, wonderful information. I have always so appreciated the Iroquois for their example…their constitution is the model for our own! Hugs…keep up the great posts.

  6. I think that the desire to be in control of own destiny is very much alive today. I know that my freedoms end where yours begin so I should not infringe upon them. Too bad we see so much taking today as well as by the first settlers in our nation.

    • Hi Connie!

      How true. How true. We’ve come a long way from the “think for yourself” and take responsibility for ones own self. Along with freedom must come responsibility — a thing many nowadays shun from, I think.

  7. Kay I found your post quite fascinating! I honestly have always thought, as you suggested, that freedom and democracy was more a European invention. I am so glad to read this and see that my view needs to be adjusted. I know much of it is my age–and that some things were taught in the schools I attended that were very biased. For example, I wish I knew more about the great women that made America (there is SO much on the men!) The Iroquois and I think the Cherokee (in the Georgia area) were very different from the other Native Americans. Really, none of the nations should be lumped with the other. They each are so different.

    Keep posting these gems!

  8. Hi Kathryn!

    I thought the same way, until I had to do the research for BLACK EAGLE and SENECA SURRENDER and then I discovered all this information that really opened my eyes. : )

  9. To add to your comment, I found it fascinating that women in the Iroquois Nation could null and void anything decided upon by the men, if they thought it would harm their nation.

    Wise people, I think, and many of the American Indian tribes traced their lineage through the women — and women held the balance of power. There were exceptions, like the Blackfeet, but in many, many of the American Indian tribes, it was the women who held the power of the tribe.

  10. Hi Kay! Sorry to be so late. I wanted to stop by and tell you how interesting your posts are–always! I don’t always comment, but I DO read. You always have a great perspective for seeing things, and I wanted to let you know how much I appreciate that. Your posts are always so thoughtful and insightful, with so many things to teach us. Thank you, thank you, thank you! I had not thought about things like this–I learn so much from you about the northern tribes. Living in Oklahoma, we know much about the plains tribes and the southwestern tribes, but not so much about the ones from the north-north-east.

    Very enlightening and thoughtful. Thanks again!

    • Wow, Cheryl, these are such gracious compliments — and from someone so talented — makes me feel like singing…

      I do try to enlighten, as well as entertain…that is when I run across info like this. : ) Seems important somehow.

  11. Hi Karen. I so didn’t realize the difference in how other countries may view freedom. All throughout this post and how often we say to veterans Thank you for your service and our Freedom. I know so much more of the history to thank them and all through history. Awesome post. Cathie

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