Linda Hubalek Introduces Brides With Grit

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Linda_HubalekHello from the Kansas prairie! I’m honored to be a guest blogger on Petticoats and Pistols today, because this site features a group of authors I’ve admired for a long time.


Today I’m blogging about my new historical romance series, Brides with Grit. Set in the Ellsworth, Kansas area during 1873, the town’s top cattle drive year, these sweet western romances combine sweet clean love stories with cowtown history.


I also live close, so it was handy for me to explore the area, and envision the vast herds of cattle that dotted the hills almost a century and a half ago.
Ellsworth-1873One can find a vast amount of information on the internet about the cattle drives which went through Kansas in the 1870’s. Here’s some interesting tidbits, written by F. B Streeter in 1935, for an article in the Kansas Historical Quarterly.
As a means of advertising the new trail and the shipping points on the line, the Kansas Pacific issued a pamphlet and map entitled, Guide Map of the Great Texas Cattle Trail from Red River Crossing to the Old Reliable Kansas Pacific Railway. The writer has located only two editions of this pamphlet: one issued in 1872, the other in 1875. To quote from the 1875 edition:

Drovers are recommended to make Ellis, Russell, Wilson’s, Ellsworth and Brookville the principal points for their cattle for the following reasons: Freedom from petty annoyances of settlers, arising from the cattle trespassing upon cultivated fields, because there is wider range, an abundance of grass and water, increased shipping facilities and extensive yard accommodations. Large and commodious hotels may be found in all these places, and at Ellsworth, especially, the old “Drovers’ cottage,” so popular with the trade for years, will be found renovated and enlarged.

Drovers Cottage-1872


Ellsworth became the principal shipping point for Texas cattle on the Kansas Pacific Railroad in 1872. The first three droves of longhorns that season arrived in Ellsworth early in June. These droves numbered 1,000 head each. Two weeks later a total of twenty-eight herds, numbering from 1,000 to 6,000 head each, had arrived and many more were on the way. The fresh arrivals contained a total of 58,850 head of longhorns. These, together with over 40,000 head which had wintered in the county, made a total of more than 100,000 head of Texas cattle in Ellsworth county. 

That season 40,161 head were transported from Ellsworth, or one fourth of the total number marketed over the Kansas Pacific…Besides those shipped by rail from Ellsworth, about 50,000 head were driven to California and the territories from that place. In the months of June and July more than 100,000 head of beef and stock cattle changed hands at Ellsworth. Drovers found buyers on their arrival, enabling them to close out at a good price and return to their homes.


The prices paid for cattle that season were as follows: $19 to $22 for beeves; $15 to $18 for three-year-olds; $9 to $10 for two-year olds; $12 for cows; and $6 for yearlings.
My first thought on reading this? Wow! That’s a lot of cattle to surround the little town.
My second? Dust, manure and flies…and a good setting for a western romance…
cattle drive

The first three books in the eight book series are available now on Amazon, and more titles will be released during the year. Here’s the titles and taglines for the first five books.

brides wit grit-wood frame

Rania Ropes a Rancher – Book 1

She can ride, rope, handle livestock and children—and he wants her as his ranch wife. But will danger rip them apart, or rope them together?

Millie Marries a Marshal – Book 2

This mail-order bride arrives to find out her groom has died! So, she moves into the town marshal’s house—and into his heart.

Hilda Hogties a Horseman – Book 3

She bought his homestead out from under him with her horse race winnings…and now he wants it back.

Cora Captures a Cowboy – Book 4

She has just days to convince the cowboy into marrying her, or its back to Boston as another man’s bride.”

Sarah Snares a Soldier – Book 5

She leaves her groom at the altar, because there’s a soldier who has snared her heart. But can she catch him as he marches away?

* * *

Sound interesting? I’ve had fun writing these stories, so I hope you’ll enjoy reading them too—without having to worry about the dust, manure and flies…
What’s your first thought when you hear the words “cattle drive?”

Please leave a comment for a chance to win one of two Kindle copies of Rania Ropes a Rancher.
Many thanks from the Kansas prairie…
where I’m writing love stories for you to enjoy

Linda Hubalek

Website | Amazon Author Page | Twitter | Facebook | Pinterest


Linda_HubalekLinda K. Hubalek lives in Kansas and writes endearing historical fiction and romance stories about the strong pioneer women who homesteaded on the Kansas prairie during the 1800’s.

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112 thoughts on “Linda Hubalek Introduces Brides With Grit”

  1. Interesting article Linda, thanks! My first thoughts upon hearing “cattle drive”, is stampede! lol Scary, and a daunting thought with a large cattle drive! Love the sound of your books, will have to check them out!

    • Hi Noela, Oh, I shudder at the thought of a stampede. Can you imagine being on a horse with hundreds of cattle running full speed at you? I’m sure many scared riders in that situation were injured or didn’t survive. Rough times being a cowboy back then.
      Please do enjoy my books, and thanks for being the first to comment on my post.

    • Hello Linda, ???A Big Hug???, its only a virtual hug, but it feels appropriate right now. You have gone through enough this past month.
      I can’t wait to read your books, they sound awesome..but I can’t wait until you write a book about your parents and before there is so.much to tell in a story about their past..anyway I just had to say, your not alone..and way to go on getting back in the saddle. HUGZ, Donna Le. /

  2. Interesting post. When I think of a cattle drive I typically think of what you see on tv or in the movies.

    • Hi Janine,
      When I was growing up, we “walked” (rather than drove) the cows and calves to a pasture five miles away- down the country roads while on horseback. (And I got off and felt only a foot tall.) That’s what I think of cattle drives due to my experience.
      Thanks for your comment!

  3. Good morning, Linda! Welcome to P&P. We’re so happy to have you come and hang out with us this weekend. Love your post. Very interesting about Ellsworth. I sure wouldn’t have wanted to be there when all those cattle arrived. Stinky! And I’ve never heard of a drover’s cottage before. I’ll bet those trail-weary cowboys sure welcomed the sight of a bath and a bed.

    Wishing you much success with your books! They look great. I’m sorry I haven’t gotten around to reading Rania Ropes a Rancher. I will. Just so busy.

    • HI Linda! Thanks for the welcome. I’ll enjoy everyone’s comments today. It’s been fun to research Kansas cow towns, because I live in the middle of their history.

      Enjoy my Brides with Grit series when you can! Thanks!

  4. Good morning! When I think of cattle drives, I think it’s harder than it looks. I once had to help round up just one stray steer and that was hard enough. Thanks for the great post today!

    • Hi Cori,
      I think one steer is harder to move than several, especially if it’s isolated and panicking. But I can’t imagine moving a herd of hundreds! Thanks for stopping by today.

  5. The first thing I thought of was the television program Rawhide. I used to watch that all the time. It was my favorite program. Clint Eastwood played in it.

    • Hi Goldie, we watched Rawhide, but Bonanza was my favorite. I bet it was a lot of work to create scenes with cattle on those old western shows and movies.

  6. Hello fellow Kansan! I love your posting about Ellsworth. Fascinating history and a great setting for your books. The series sounds wonderful.

    When I hear the words “cattle drive” I think of Kansas City’s stockyards. You won’t find any bawling beasts roaming around there these days. Now it’s filled with antique stores, art galleries, restaurants, even a winery. Come to KC and I’ll treat you to a tour of our renovated “stockyards district.”

    • Hello from Lindsborg! Yes, I remember being at the KC stockyards when I was young. Our family and neighbors shipped cattle to it for many years. My grandparents shipped cattle there by train, my dad by semi cattle trucks. Sad to think it’s now a shopping district, but times have changed. Thanks for the memory!

  7. Love mail order bride stories. When I here cattle drive I think of cowboys on horses driving cattle from one place to the other like you see on the westerns on TV.

    • Hi Quilt Lady, Glad you love mail order bride stories, so you need to read the second book in my Brides with Grit series, “Millie Marries a Marshal”. Millie arrives to meet her groom, but he died before she got there…so the marshal’s mother moves Millie into her son’s house…and all sorts of things happen then!
      Cattle drives can be small- like we did when I was young, or huge like they did from Texas to Kansas in the 1870s. I’d like to be on a big drive for a day, to experience it, but not for months.
      Thanks for your comment!

  8. Linda – I have enjoyed your first three books in the series and look forward to the last two. I also am in the process of researching in Kansas for a novel, but mine is set in Abilene two years earlier when the Drovers Cottage was still there. I found your blog post quite interesting. Best of success on your books.

    Robyn Echols writing as Zina Abbott

  9. Hi Robyn, Be sure to research about Abilene through too, if you haven’t found that site yet.

    Are you able to visit Abilene and central Kansas? If you’re stumped with any facts about the area, please contact me and I might be able to help since I live in the middle of all these old cow towns.

    Glad you enjoyed the first three books in the series. I have eight planned so far, but have only shown the first five covers now. My mind is working faster than my fingers can type.

    Thanks for the note!

  10. Isn’t that something that nowadays when we think of “cattle drive” that our minds immediately go to what we’ve seen in film and television? Mine certainly did, but your blog and the pictures don’t make it seem nearly as glamorous or romanticized.

    • Hi Colleen,
      Yes, we tend to “believe” what we see in movies and TV, but driving cattle for four months would be hard, dirty, and dangerous work. It wasn’t all singing and strolling along…

  11. Dang, that’s a lot of cattle! I liked the recommendations about where the drovers should stay and the invitation of grassland for their herds.
    It must be so wonderful to live near the area where your stories take place. To date, I have never written a story about my the area where I live. I sort of want to, but westerns don’t take place in North Carolina.
    Wonderful blog, Linda. I loved all the great pictures.

    • Thanks Sarah!
      Yes, lots of cattle, dust, smell…wow, hard to believe that many cattle out on the prairie around the little towns, that are still in existence today.

      I’ve always written about what I can see and experience. When I wrote about my family that traveled from KY to KS in 1854 (Trail of Thread series), I drove out to KY and followed their wagon trip route back to KS. That was the only way I could accurately describe the landscape. Guess I can’t make everything up in my head. 🙂

  12. I grew up in Dallas, not too far from where the Loving – Goodnight Trail was. I can picture what the cowboys would have seen. It is prairie land and it would have been desolate. Parts of Texas still are desolate. And parts of Texas still have a lot of cattle.

    • Hi Annette,
      Yes, think of all the cattle rounded up in TX, walking about four months up to the Kansas cow towns, and then they had a train ride to somewhere East.

      Glad you still have areas in TX to enjoy- like they were centuries ago.

    • Hi Jo,
      Thanks. It’s so fun to find old pictures of Ellsworth, and then drive on the streets that were featured. So much history for the little town…

      I bet every housewife hated all the dust (and smell) the cattle brought in too.

  13. The first thing I think of when I hear the phrase “cattle drive” is my great-grandfather, William Burleson Montgomery. He was born and raised in Stanton, Texas, on a cattle ranch around 1875. William went on his first cattle drive shortly after his 13th birthday, all the way from Texas to Nebraska. Although he passed away before I was born, my grandmother used to tell me wonderful stories about the family’s cattle ranch, and I even have a lot of very old photographs of the cowboys who worked the ranch.

    • Hi Debra, What a neat family history you have, preserved with photos too. I’m jealous! (Think of the stories I could spin from them!)

  14. When I hear “cattle drive” I picture a herd of cattle meandering through a small western town, down main street. I probably saw that in a movie some time.

    • You’re right, Michele,
      They might be meandering…or running pell-mell..crashing through everything in their path. But it always looked good in the movies.

  15. My first thought when I hear “cattle drive” is cowboys. I guess that’s just the way my old mind works. 🙂 Great photos!

    • Hi Deb. Yep, cowboys kept the herds a movin’!

      I can spend a lot of time on the internet looking for old photos, so glad I could share a few with you today.

    • Hi Kathleen, That’s a good mental picture to have, and probably much better than what it really was in real life.

    • And the cowboys and the herd could only travel 10-12 miles in a day, depending on the weather. Now we can drive that in minutes!

  16. My 1st thought was watching John Wayne movie with my Dad when I was little! Still love western pioneer stories!

    • Oh Cindi,
      Now I’m thinking of all the western movies we watched as a family. Dad loved the John Wayne movies. Thanks for the memories.

  17. Great article!

    My first thought when I read the word cattle drive, is of Louis L’Amour and his westerns. I devoured his books when I was a kid and love the Sackett family to this day.

    • Thanks Rachel. Oh yes, Louis L’Amour, Zane Gray, and all the current western authors just put the reader right in the action of the story.

  18. THank u for all the cowboy memories! I grew up in Letchwerth NY area and it reminds me of Mary Jemison and her story of Indian Captive and pioneers.
    We have it so easy now lol

    • Phyllis, yes, we do have it so easy now.

      Can you imagine being saddle sore, dirt stuck on more sweaty dirty skin, clothes that could stand up by themselves, and you’re not sure who stunk or the horse…and probably the same meals every day, two of them including beans. Not too many modern people today would want to go on a cattle drive that lasted months.

  19. I enjoyed your blog. What I think of are cowboys. I don’t think so much about the cattle as I do the tough cowboys on their horses. I enjoy watching westerns. So sorry to hear about your loss. I’ve lost both my parents so I can relate to what you had to say. Thanks for keeping in touch!

    • Hi Anna, thanks for coming over to comment on this blog after reading my newsletter (It went out this evening- if you didn’t get it-you can sign up for it at

      For you readers that are going “What loss?” My 92 year old dad died April 3rd and I told about the special thing we did for his funeral- in my newsletter. Besides “book news” I usually have some personal story in my newsletter too.

      Quoting from my newsletter:
      “Dad would have loved his ride from the church to the cemetery, because the same lumber wagon that he and mom used in 1946 to move their belongings from their town apartment to the farm (even using a team of horses back then) was used for his casket’s ride to the grave plot.”

      Yep, instead of a modern hearse, we used a old wagon and a team of horses…and it was so fitting for this old farmer/stockman.

    • Hi Pat,
      Yes, thousands of cattle would leave a lot of manure around, and hence flies, and smell. The cattle wouldn’t too noisy unless spooked because they would be used to being together on the long drive. But think of all those hooves pounding down the dirt street through the middle of town to get to the rail yards…that could be considered noisy.

  20. Just using this opportunity to tell you how sorry I am to hear of your father’s passing. My heart is saddened for you. My condolences to you and your family at this difficult time.
    Glad to see you back to work…or play :0) writing again!
    Sandy in So. Cali

    • Hi Sandy, Thanks for coming over to Petticoats and Pistols after reading my newsletter. I appreciate your condolences about my dad.

      Yes, I’m back to writing…and getting the garden in, finally. I had written half of Cora and Dagmar’s story…and now going back with new thoughts and rewriting parts of it. That’s what happens when the story sits for a while, but it will just make it better!

  21. All I know about cattle drives is what I’ve seen in movies or read about in books. I think it would be a lot of work.

    • Hi Wilma,
      Lots of work and pretty low pay back in those days, but usually a young man’s first adventure and job away from home.

  22. Hello Linda. My first think I think of is all of the cattle drives in the western movies I watch back when. But, in 1882, my husband and I moved to the small town where he had grown up. When I say small town most buildings were gone or falling apart. There was an old bank, empty. And one building that some of his friends had owned for many years that they had a small cafe in. She had run it for years. and, they lived in the second floor. she also grew up with my husband and his brothers. I learned that in the old days it was a larger western town. Cowboys and all. It had a railroad running through town where cattle coming in from Texas , Okla. And forgot where else drove their cattle on these long trips to load on the train to go to market. or where they were to go. Texas cattle had ticks that KS didn’t have so the cattle had to walk through this big hole (vat) in the ground with medicine to kill the ticks before they could be loaded. And, at one time before he was born his grandfather or great had been Sheriff there. For 16 years where we lived was across the road from where the vat had been. There was still a big low place where the vat had been. it was in some of the Ghost Towns books before we ever went there. At one time whilt there someone built a small building to sell the neccessities in groceries like milk, bread, etc. also they put in one gas pump. But they didn’t have much business because all went to Sedan, KS. 14 miles away, where the Post Office and larger grocery stores, bank, etc were. still quite a few people lived in town and on farms. Mostly retired folk who grew up there. and some younger. Before we left there people from Ca. were buying the farms, and moved there. I’ve never been back but many of our friends have died since we moved and my husband. Would love to win.
    Maxie > mac262(at)me(dot)com <

    • Hi Maxie,
      I have out the Kansas map, looking to see what’s fourteen miles from Sedan. Were you in Grafton, Monett or Peru? Not many other towns in that part of the state.

      You were living right where cattle drives made history. Thanks for sharing!

  23. I guess cattle drive was a lot different before the railroads. A Lot more work and grief.
    BTW When my mom passed, I got a lot of pictures from the 1940’s but it took me over a year to go thru them. So sorry for your loss but glad you have those memories.

    • Hi Nancy,
      Yes it was a lot of work, but apparently worth the money and work to drive the cattle north.
      Thanks for the note on my dad too.

  24. Having grown up in the country just outside of Fort Worth my first thoughts are of the Fort Worth cattle drive. Then my thoughts drift to my grandfather who was a rancher in west Texas and the stories he told of cattle drives…oh how I miss his many stories! And then of course I think about the “Lonesome Dove” series (books and movies) and it just makes my heart sing!

    Love my Texas!!!

    • Oh yes, the Fort Worth cattle drives. I’ve heard of them!

      It’s neat you have stories from your grandfather. Have you ever written them down? It would be a great way for future generations of your family to learn about your grandfather’ ranching days.

  25. I think long, hot, and dusty. Lots of cattle drives went by close to where I live now. The southern tail of the Chisholm Trail. 🙂

  26. I think of the poor, weary cowboys in that hard saddle for hours or maybe days at a time. Dusty,dirty, long hard job! Of course, I think of that big Lone Star state as well!

  27. My first thought we see the quote “cattle drive” was Rawhide. My second thought was Clint Eastwood as Rowdy Yates was hot, hot, hot. Watched the Ellen Show the other day and she had his son on and he’s the spitting image of Clint at that age. Now I have really dated myself (lol) and there’s probably people out there reading this comment and scratching their heads.

    • Hi Pat,
      Now that I look back, Clint was really a hunk in Rawhide, but I was too young to appreciate it then. I saw his son too- wow do they look alike!

    • Hi Rachael, I also wonder how often there were women on the trail too, probably some families traveled as a group, women doing the cooking and riding too, working just as hard (or harder) on the trail as the men.

  28. What an interesting post, and sounds like a great book!

    Cattle drive made me think of the movie “Red River” with John Wayne and Montgomery Clift. One of my favorites.

    • Sleeping under the stars, on hard or muddy ground, with insects and vermin…and cows and cowboys singing you to sleep.

  29. Makes me think of the old westerns on tv like Wagon Train, Rawhide, etc. They all prettied up the stark truth about the dirt, messiness, death… but it was fun for kids.

    • I loved to watch those shows too, but being a farm kid, I knew that dirt, manure and the death of animals was a given- on the farm or on the trail.
      Great stories though!

  30. Hello Linda
    We have been to Lyons, Kansas family a few times. While there, we went to the Brookville Hotel for dinner. We were told that that was an area where the cattle would be driven to to load them on the rail road cars. Explored the hotel, though it was very nice, the sleeping rooms were very small. Certainly surprised me because I was expecting rooms the size as shown on Bonanza. 🙂 Seriously, it is a beautiful area to see. My last trip out there, my sister-in-law and I went from Lyons to Dodge City. We had a great time. I just know that I will enjoy your series of books. Can’t wait to revisit the area through your writing. Thanks.

    • Hi Cheryl, You were right in the middle of history on your trips through Kansas.

      Brookville Hotel was a special place to eat when I was a kid. Loved the chicken, biscuits, mashed potatoes and gravy…and back then (fifty years ago) it was homemade cottage cheese and ice cream too!

      Hope you can read the Brides with Grit series and imagine the old towns you visited.

  31. My first thought was the mini-series and the book Centennial by James A. Michener. (still one of my favorite books and mini series.) The drive led by RJ Poteet wasn’t sanitized. There was back-breaking lonely work, tough men, death and sometimes inner-discord. My next thought was Tom Selleck in The Sacketts movie.

    I’m not familiar with your books, but that’s going to change.

    Thank you for my history lesson of the day!

    • Hi Alisa,
      Yes cattle drives, and ranching, was a lot of hard constant work- the cattle always came first.

      Please do enjoy my books!

  32. Great article/interview. Cattle drive? First thoughts are of all those horns. Then, all those cows. Thank you for sharing.

    • And how did they get all those horns into the rail cars? Seems like there would be some broken horns, or at least tips on the cattle by the time they got to their destination.
      You couldn’t put as many head in a car like you could a polled breed of cattle.

  33. I think of a long, dusty trail following cattle that would feel like forever…
    I enjoyed reading today’s post 🙂

  34. Cattle being transported on foot for them horse for people from one location to another now a days. Back in the 1800’s that’s how they got cattle to who ever had bought them going 100’s of miles over rough terrain.

    • Hi Kim,
      Back then they didn’t have trucks, and maybe not trains to where the cattle needed to go, so you moved cattle across country. And I’d worry the whole way, praying both riders and cattle arrived safe to the destination.

  35. My first thought is John Wayne and Ward Bond, followed by How The West Was Won, and Westward the Women. Always wondered how anyone could ride a horse all day and sleep on the ground, then move the next day. Not a western girl at all, but admire those who are!

    • HI Karen,
      I think you just got used to riding and working hard, so once you hit the ground to sleep, you did. I’m sure over time you “toughened up” to the routine.

    • Hey Mary, thanks for the note! Lots of readers have commented on the dust and smell of cattle drives.
      How about mud, rain, and thunderstorms? That would be hard to keep the herd together in bad weather.

  36. Now that’s a series I could get lost in. Love the old west stores. Use to read Zane Grey all the time.

    • Hi Charline,
      My great grandfather loved Zane Grey books too. Think how long his stories have been enjoyed.
      Hope you like my sweet western romances too!

  37. Linda, it’s fun to read this post by you and read about your books after hearing you talk to our second graders about buffalo at Millfest yesterday in Lindsborg. I didn’t know you were now writing historic romances.
    When I think of cattle drives I think of dust, long hours in the saddle, and smells of cattle and cowboys!

    • Hi Pam, What class were you with? I gave the talk nine times every thirty minutes- so I kind of forgot who all was there. 🙂

      Yes, I started writing romances, so I could make up the characters and not have to do so much family history to get their stories straight. Now I just have to research Ellsworth County history, and drive around, and plot.

      I think you described the cattle drives right- down to the smells…

      • I was with the last class, Kristy B’s from Soderstrom. I think we were all kind of tired by then!

    • Hey Shelly,
      Fancy meeting you here! You’ll have to start in on the series. I think you’d enjoy them…

  38. When I think of a cattle drive immediately think of John Wayne. He was the ultimate cowboy!!

    • John Wayne always acted like a “true man of the west”, didn’t he? What actor has there been since John, that has been as good?

  39. When I think of Cattle Drives I think of long dust hours in the saddle and hard bedrolls.

    I also think of herding our small herd of cattle from the home place to our summer pasture about 8 miles away. Not as easy as you would think but twice a year we moved them. They were stubborn animals and we often had to get them out of a corn field along the way.

    • Hi Connie,
      We moved cattle by horseback to pastures too. My horse was “Grasshopper” and I remember a few times we had to go after a cow or two. Usually mom drove the old pickup with some of the calves in the back so the cows would follow the pickup. Most of the country roads were fenced so we got along okay until a road crossing or someone’s drive way. Thanks for the great memories you brought back to me!

  40. Sorry I’m a little late getting here. I would say when I think of a cattle drives I think of the television show Rawhide. I used to watch it faithfully.

    I would love to read your books.

    Smiles & Blessings,
    Cindy W.

    countrybear52 AT yahoo DOT com

    • Hi Cindy, We watched Bonanza, Rawhide and the Rifleman…and Lawrence Welk and the Beverly Hillbillies. What a combination, but those were the nights the whole family sat together and watched our little black and white TV.

  41. I live in Fort Worth so of course when I think of cattle drive I think of our awesome Stock Yards & the cattle drive there. Its one of my favorite places to go.

    • Liz, you’re blessed to have such a neat heritage, kept alive to this day with your current cattle drives.

  42. I think of how hard the ride would be. Especially getting used to the dust and smell. Thanks for the give-a-way.

    • Hi Dorothy, Thanks for stopping by to read my post and comment on cattle drives. I appreciate it!

  43. When I hear Cattle drive, I see cattle and ranchers moving from one location to another. I kept getting City Slickers on my mind.

  44. Oh, yes, City Slickers! You’re the first person that mentioned it. I loved that movie!

  45. The special memories our families leave us are wonderful things. I’m looking forward to seeing some more of the ‘stuff’ from home this fall when I go back home on vacation.

  46. Dear Linda, Love your books …Cattle drives remind me of old movies and dust and of course Cowboys..Would love to have lived in that time period , but after thinking about it I am sure books are more romantic…the work then was not easy and the only plus , when you hit the sheets, I am sure everyone slept well….

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